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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

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What is CBT

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave.

How CBT works

CBT is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that your negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a cycle of negative feelings and behaviour.

CBT teaches the you how to change these negative patterns to improve the way you feel. Unlike some other talking treatments, it focuses on your current problems, rather than focusing on issues from your past. It shows and explores practical ways for you to improve your state of mind on a daily basis by breaking the problems down into smaller parts.

Uses for CBT

CBT has been an effective way of treating a number of different mental health conditions. In addition to depression or anxiety disorders, CBT can help people with:

  • obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • panic disorder
  • post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • phobias
  • eating disorders – such as anorexia and bulimia
  • sleep problems – such as insomnia
  • problems related to alcohol misuse
  • low self esteem

What happens during CBT sessions

Sessions will occur once a week or once every 2 weeks for 30-60 mins. Depending on your individual needs, you can expect anywhere between 5-20 sessions in total.

During the sessions, we will work to break down your problems into their separate parts, such as your thoughts, physical feelings and actions and then we will discuss the areas to work out if they're unrealistic or unhelpful, and determine the affect they have on each other and on you. Then together with you, we will put a plan into place to change the negative thoughts and behaviours to which you will practice at home in your daily life and report back on at your next session with me.

Pros and cons of CBT

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be as effective as medication in treating some mental health problems, but it may not be successful or suitable for everyone.

Some of the advantages of CBT include:

  • it may be helpful in cases where medication alone hasn't worked
  • it can be completed in a short period of time
  • the structured nature of CBT means it can be provided in different formats, such as through chat, online, text or email, thus making it accessible to people with heavy schedules
  • discreet form of therapy since its not required to be face to face with your therapist
  • Affordable because of its completed in a short period of time
  • Proven Method of therapy
  • it teaches you useful and practical strategies that can be used in everyday life, even after the treatment has finished

Some of the disadvantages of CBT to consider include:

  • you need to commit to the process to get the best results
  • attending regular CBT sessions
  • carrying out any extra work between sessions can take up a lot of your time
  • it may not be suitable for people with more complex mental health needs or learning difficulties, as it requires structured sessions
  • it involves confronting your emotions and anxieties
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